In 1935 scientists discovered the serotonin molecule. It is a neurotransmitter with a chemical structure derived from an amino acid. Serotonin neurons…
In 1935 scientists discovered the serotonin molecule. It is a neurotransmitter with a chemical structure derived from an amino acid. Serotonin neurons in the brain stem are from the raphe nuclei. Serotonin from the raphe nuclei projects throughout the brain stem and brain. It provides serotonin to the rest of the nervous system. In layman terms, it is a chemical messenger that inter-connects information throughout your mind and body. Serotonin is in the nervous system, blood platelets and the digestive tract.
Researchers have discovered seven different families of the serotonin receptors which varies from one another in delivery, the substances that bind them together and the effects they facilitate.
All six of these families consist of G-protein joined receptors. The other receptor families comprise of ligand-gated ion channels. Within the seven families, the receptors of fourteen different receptor subtypes have been documented as well. Serotonin is detached from the synaptic cleft via reuptake by serotonin transporter [SERT].
Serotonin has many vital functions in the body, some of these functions connect to our frame of mind. Many anti-depressants cause serotonin levels to rise. Serotonins used for our state of mind is very intricate. Depression is likely due to a serotonin deficiency. Additionally, serotonin is involved in a long list of functions other than mood. In most cases, its actual functionality in our states of feeling is not fully understood.
In the digestive tract, it helps with tightening of the digestive muscles, assisting food to move through the system. It can also act on gut nerves signaling pain and nausea. If there are irritants in the diet more serotonin is released while it moves the food faster leading to diarrhea. This process can also bring vomiting. Serotonin deposited in blood platelets it works when a blood vessel is damaged, platelets arrive blocking the damage. The platelets release serotonin which helps to trigger the blood vessels to thin out thus stopping or slowing down the loss of blood.
Serotonin is believed to be contributing to feelings of happiness and well-being. It is given a name by many, as the happy molecule and plays a huge role in regulating urges. This neurotransmitter is critical to the body for pain relief.
Some of the significant symptoms of low serotonin levels are constant worry or anxiety. People that tend to get easily depressed in the winter season and that has trouble falling asleep might have low levels of serotonin. Frequent moodiness, with strong self-critical attitudes and feelings of guilt, cravings and lack of self-confidence more than necessary including obsessive behaviors like being a perfectionist, neat freak or controlling are good signs of this problem. Others complaining of Fibromyalgia or unexplained muscle pain, as well as irritable bowel type symptoms, could have low serotonin levels.
All these functions in the body are made possible by brain function. If there are no deficiencies in us, our bodies, soul and spirit will be healthy.